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10 July 2020


Motion : Young Politicians offer the best hope for India’s Political Future 

 Speech For The Motion

As Sachin Pilot, a young Parliamentarian of India said, Young Politicians understand the mindset of the people.  Young Indians are looking for a better life style and that is much more fulfilling, and a job that is more satisfying, so my generation of Politicians will be just more on the economic opportunity we can give.  
Respected Panel of Judges  , Chairperson, Worthy Opponents, and  my dear friends.   Good morning  to one and all.  
I am standing here to speak for the motion; “Young Politicians offer the best hope for India’s Political Future.”  Youth is synonymous with energy , enthusiasm  and thrive. They are ambitious and    seek change at a rapid pace.    They view everything from a critical point of view.  What India needs today is a team of politicians young and energetic, the go getters. 
The Western countries not only realize the need of young politicians to guide the destiny  of their  nation but also they elected men like Bill Clinton, Tony Blair and  Barrack Obama to lead their country and keep  them  in the  vanguard   of nations.   Unfortunately   the political scene  in India  continues to be dominated by the aged  politicians  who tenaciously hold on to their position unwilling to yield to their younger generation,  who are more tech- savvy ,more motivated by the desire to serve the public without enriching  themselves. 
   If the youth brigade takes charge of India’s political field they would disseminate a better culture and new perspectives. The young leader would be men who practice what they preach. How can old politicians talk on taking country on a fast track when they themselves are snail-paced? More than six decades of predominance of old, they did not bring the desired level of development in the country, so it is the time for the youth, to take charge of Indian Politics, so that India will have a better political future, and it can take its seat among he assembly of developed nations.
What a strange paradox it is, when the government employees are asked to retire at the age of 58 or 60, while the politicians in India still do not have a retirement date, except the day of their death. We all know Alexander the great was just thirty three years old when he was acknowledged as the world conqueror. Akbar was just thirteen years when the Mugal crown passed onto his head. So let’s give our young budding talents a chance in Indian politics and I am sure that they prove themselves worth.
Thank You


Motion : Young Politicians offer the best hope for India’s Political Future.
Speech Against The Motion
Honourable Chairperson , Guests and My Dear Opponents, a pleasant good morning to one and all. 
My honourable opponents’ arguments are sound, sound and nothing but sound. 
I strongly disagree with the motion that Young Politicians offer the best hope for India’s Political Future. A pride of lion is always lead by a male lion. He holds his way over with pride until a young lion challenges his authority and defeat him in a fight. 
India continues to be led by old leaders because no capable young leaders have emerged to challenge the authority of the old. In 1991 when PV Narasimha Rao became the prime minister of India, he chose Dr Manmohan Singh to be the finance minister with a vision to boost the economy. He was 60 then. He continued to lead India until he was 82 years old. No young leaders were there on those days.  Why are the old people still preferred by the electorate in India to lead them? It’s because, with the age, one becomes wiser. No one is a born leader; leader is made by crucial life experiences. Such experiences are more important, than the new ideas learned in a classroom. 
India is a country with tremendous diversity. No young politicians can completely grasp the complicated web of diversity. That’s why no young politicians occupy the position of power in India. Now the people of India selected 63 years old Narendrea Modi the prime minister of India, because of the experience and wisdom he gained over a period of 60 years. 
The great philosopher Aristotle was not wrong when he stated the theory of ideal state that, politicians should be above 50 years. Let’s never argue Young politicians offer best hope for India’s political future. Placing the destiny of the nation in the hands of inexperienced and young leaders alone, would be an invitation to disaster. People of India realized this and continued to entrust the leadership of seasoned politicians.
Thank you 

9 July 2020


Debate Speech on "Media thrives only on Sensationalism"
“The media's the most powerful entity on earth. They have the power to make the innocent guilty and to make the guilty innocent, and that's power. Because they control the minds of the masses.”   Honorable chairperson, distinguished adjudicators, fellow debaters and all my dear friends … Good morning! I strongly favour the motion“Media thrives only on Sensationalism”
Gone are the days when the Media would battle for communal harmony and democratic establishment in the societies across the border.  Media was quite popular and valued in the past as it would speak for least spoken and voice their concerns to the populace for smooth and democratic governance in the society.
Now, What is sensationalism in the media world?  It is a type of editorial bias in mass media to make news deliberately obtuse, appeal to emotions, and more controversial.  It also includes intentionally omitting facts and information.  It is somewhat similar to emotional branding or in other words it is the adding of hype or excitement over and interesting or shocking even
As a matter of fact, exponential growth in the number of channels and newspapers eventually invited deadly competition amongst the media houses.  The presumed goal of the media both print and digital houses today is to sustain the circulation and viewership, respectively, and provide the audiences with sensational stories that help them increase their advertising revenue.  To retain this figure and revenue, reporters are always on lookout for the spicy ‘junk food news’ that is easily sold in a massive number.  And that is exactly when Sensationalism took its birth.  It attracts the viewers in a large number and so is the revenue.
For example: In today’s time when media has an omnipotent presence, it’s imperative to encourage responsible and informed news that can guide the mass to the picture of an ideal society.
People are in constant need of adrenaline rush but are too afraid to jump off the cliff.  Hardly any news is objectified in the media today.  A small hint of a lead somewhere leads to breaking news!  And that breaking news is followed up by paid opinion polls, paid debates and paid news flashes.  Half-baked news that almost never see complete research or are manipulated to show an intention due to shortage of time.  
For instance ,What we see as ‘debates’ on national televisions is just reinforcement of their preconceived ideas.  They don’t force  the plebeian to think, rather feeds them with biased opinions, and almost never show both sides of the coin.
Again, our perennial instinct of poking our nose into others’ businesses has resulted in the categorization of the media into a formal media and the tabloid Media, that is solely devoted to sensationalizing news and pointing out what’s wrong with someone’s lives and how they should be rectifying it.
Now the question is which one of the pillars of the democracy in India is more corrupt legislature, bureaucracy, judiciary or the self-proclaimed fourth pillar, The media.  With its sensationalism  the media is jeopardizing its role as the fourth estate


        I respect very much the role of the media in our society; I think they can be very, very helpful. They serve as a very useful check, sort of a watchdog over the actions of the government, and I respect that.
  Alberto Gonzales observation is right. Honorable chairperson, distinguished adjudicators, fellow debaters and all my dear friends … Good morning! I strongly oppose the motion “Media thrives only on Sensationalism”
 In the world of today, media has become as necessary as food and clothing. It has played significant role in strengthening the society. Media is considered as "mirror" of the modern society, infact,it is the media which shapes our lives.

The purpose of the media is to inform people about current ,new affairs . 
The media is governed by righteousness and equity ,Media is in charge of :
1 information
2 education
3 entertainment
4 advertising
5 correlation of parts of society

     Society is influenced by media in so many ways. It is the media for the masses that helps them to get information about a lot of things and also to form opinions and make judgments regarding various issues! It is the media which keeps the people updated and informed about what is happening around them and the world. Everyone can draw something from it.

    No doubt, media has played significant role in making world a global village and to reduce the communication gaps amongst the people living in the far areas but unfortunately. 
Many scams were brought to public notice through media intervention, political parties are forced to take action against corrupt politician for the damage control. When a matter is overhyped it gets engraved in the mind of public and decision making gets easier. Media intervention exposes the antisocial elements such as moral policing , polarization of communities , scandals ..etc ..etc ..etc..
    I believe, the media identifies its responsibility and work sincerely and honestly, and  serves as a great force in building the nation


Academic Accomplishment is the sole aim of the students - Debate Speech in favour of the motion
Academic Accomplishment is the greatest asset of any individual, It helps him conquer the world, dominate the society and gives him a cutting edge in all walks of life.
Honorable chairperson, distinguished adjudicators, fellow debaters and all my dear friends … Good morning! I strongly favour the motion Academic Accomplishments is the sole aim of the students.
My dear friends, what’s your ambition in your life? I am sure most you  wish to enter the field of medicine , engineering ,teaching, research, IAS, IPS, IFS… the list goes on…, Do you believe , You can achieve your ambition without academic excellence? No…No … No …Those who want to enter the field medicine and engineering and academia requires solid academic background
Academic success is important because it is strongly linked to the positive outcomes we value. Adults who are academically successful and with high levels of education can ensure socially economically and emotionally balanced life  and are less likely to be engage in criminal activity, are more active as citizens and charitable volunteers and are healthier and happier. Academic success is important because working people will need higher levels of education to tackle the technologically demanding occupations of the future. Now a day you need a post-secondary education in order to get a job. Academically successful adolescents have higher self-esteem, have lower levels of depression and anxiety, are socially inclined, and are less likely to abuse alcohol and engage in substance abuse. Positive self-esteem and self-confidence are critical factors in commitment to academic success. Parents who were involved in their child’s education and family activities saw positive results in the area of behavior, academics and social interactions. Organization, time management, prioritization, concentration and motivation are the key outcomes of academic excellence.
If we take the examples of renowned personalities, majority of them have solid academic background, for example.. Father of our nation Mahatma Gandhi, architect of modern India Jawaharlal Nehru, father of Indian constitution Dr BR Ambedkar, missile man of India APJ Abdul Kalam…..etc
Schools are mushrooming in India and the number has reached around 13 Lakh and the universities to 769.Still you believe that academic excellence is not the sole aim of the students? I leave this question to the global student community.


Academic accomplishment is the sole aim of the student- Debate speech against the motion

    “No one should negotiate their dreams. Dreams must be free to fly high. No government, no legislature, no educational system has a right to limit your dreams. You should never agree to surrender your dreams.” 
    Honorable chairperson, distinguished adjudicators, fellow debaters and all my dear friends … Good morning! I strongly oppose the motion academic accomplishment is the sole aim of the student.
    Albert Einstein once said everybody is a genius but if you judge a fish by its ability to climb a tree it will lead its all life believing that it a stupid. Do you realize how many kids relate to that fish?  Swimming upstream in class never finding their gifts. Thinking they are stupid, believing they are useless but the time has no more excuses. I accuse the undue importance given to the academic accomplishments that kills the creativity individuality and being intellectually abusive. In every field there are lots of change in our life for instances a phone, a car form hundred years ago entirely different from its new version. But there is no change in our attitude towards the importance of academic accomplishment. Aren’t we shameful? In literally more than a century nothing has changed. Yet you claim to prepare students for the future? But with evidence I must ask do you prepare the students for the future or the past. I did a background check on you and the record show that you train pupil work in factory which explains why you put students in straight rows tell them sit still raise your hands if you want to speak, give them a short break to eat and eight hours a day tell them what to think and make them compete to achieve academic excellence. Back then times were different, we all have a past, I myself I’m not a Gandhi but today we don’t need to make robots Zombies. The world has progressed and now we need people who think creatively, critically and  independently with the ability to connect. Every scientist will tell you that no two brains are the same and every parent with two or more children will confirm that claim. So please explain why you treat students like cookie cutter frames or snap back hat. Still you claim that academic accomplishment is the sole aim of the students. If a doctor prescribes the exact same medicine to all of his patience the result will be tragic. When it comes to our academic filed this is exactly what happens.
        My dear friends if we are continuing down this road the result will be lethal and I don’t have much faith in academic excellence but I do have faith in people. And if we can customize health care, cars and Facebook pages. It’s our duty to do the same in our academic field to upgrade it change it . Sure Maths and Science are important but no more than art or dance. Let’s give every gift an equal chance. Students may be 30 percentage of our population but they are hundred percentage of our future .So let’s attend to their dreams and there is no telling what we can achieve. This is a world which I believe a world were fish are no longer forced to climb trees.

8 July 2020





  1. Use of Passive Voice 
  2. Clauses Noun , Adverb Clauses of Condition and time  & Relative 
  3. Prepositions


  1. Letter on a situation 
  2. Descriptive Paragraph on a Place or Event

 BEEHIVE - Textbook for class - IX 

  1. The Lake Isle of Innisfree
  2. The Snake and the Mirror
  3. The Duck and the Kangaroo
  4. Kathmandu
  5. A Slumber Did My Spirit Seal

MOMENTS - Supplementary Reader for class - IX 

  1. Iswaran the Story Teller
  2. The Accidental Tourist




  1. Use of Passive Voice 
  2. Clauses - Noun , Adverb , Relative
  3. Preposition

FIRST FLIGHT - Textbook for Class - X

  1. How to tell Wild Animals
  2. Trees 
  3. Fog
  4. Mijbil the Otter
  5. For Anne Gregory

FOOTPRINTS WITHOUT FEET - Supplementary Reader for Class - X 

  1. The Midnight Visitor
  2. A Question of Trust 
  3. The Book That Saved the Earth

Complete revised Syllabus is available on this link


3 July 2020


From the Diary of Anne Frank

Infer the meanings of the following expressions. The first has been done for you as an example.

(a) to feel the breath of war: there were indications
that war was going to start soon

(b) appalling hunger and cold: terrible hunger due to shortage of food and biting cold due to inclement weather

(c) start of the siege:a military operation in which an army tries to capture a town by surrounding it and stopping the supply of food, etc. to the people inside

(d)blockade grams:the action of surrounding or closing a place, especially a port, in order to stop people or goods from coming in or out.

  •         air raids
  •         artillery bombardment
  •         bomb shelters
  •         artillery fire
  •         siege
a) The captives as stated in the above passage are the citizens of Leningrad’s

b). Leningraders welcomed inclement weather for the reduced visibility it brought.

c) They were afraid that Germans would be sure to bomb their city on sunny days and moonlit nights.

d) People have lost all their hopes

(d) The possibility of buying the food without a ration card as in the past, was no more than a memory now.


a) it

b) oneself

c) who

d) yours

e) damage

f) concerned about

1. Refer to the lesson ‘From the diary of Anne Frank’ in your
Class X textbook. There are some idiomatic expressions in

the text.

i ) all’s fair in love and war :  in some situations any type of behaviour is acceptable to get what you want

Rita had to flatter her boss in order to get that big promotion. All's fair in love and war, right?

ii ) icing on the cake -​something extra and not essential that is added to an already good situation or experience and that makes it even better

Thanvi was delighted she was accepted to her new job, but having her best friend as her boss was just the icing on the cake.

iii) call the shots - to be the person who controls a situation

The Prime Minister tried his best to give the impression of being in control, but BBC revealed that the party president called all the shots. 

iv) chalk and cheese- if two people or things are like chalk and cheese or as different as chalk and cheese, they are completely different from each other

The two families are as different as chalk and cheese!

v) raining cats and dogs - to be raining heavily

We can't go out now because it's raining cats and dogs.

vi) breaking the ice - ​to say or do something that makes people feel more relaxed, especially at the beginning of a meeting, party, etc.

Jim organized a few party games to break the ice when people first arrived.

2. Fill in the blanks using the contracted forms of the verbs. One has been done for you.

a) shouldn't

b) They've

c) Let's 

d) didn't

e) couldn't 

f) Here's

g) I'd

h) aren't 

3. Fill in the blanks with the phrasal verbs given below. Change
the tense of the verbs wherever required.
(breakdown, find out, look for, go out, check out)

go out

broke down

look for

checked out 

found out 

1. Read this quote from Max Müller. There are errors in the text. Find out the errors and write the correct word in the space provided

i) was - were

ii) for - of

iii) on - over 

iv) find - found 

v) them - those 

vi ) pointed - point

vii) me - myself

viii) has - have 

ix) want - wanted 

x) most - more

2. Write a report on any one of the following — conservation of environment, plantation of trees, waste disposal, water harvesting, and the cleanliness drive under Swachh Bharat Abhiyan carried out in your locality.